Class 6 children is at their peak of observation for the outer world. They are balanced in their outside world of authority and order.
Class 6 Themes
Now is the time in students' lives that authority, especially adult authority, is no longer the complete guiding force. The Class 6 student is ready to stand on his or her own feet, to conquer the world, so to speak. It is within this time of emotional and physical change that the students learn about the Roman Empire and its eventual fall. In its heyday, the Roman Empire saw great feats of engineering, philosophy, religion, and law. Students also learn of the changes that occurred in European society that led to the Dark Ages and the Middle ages. For the first time, Class 6 students delve into the history of modern civilization. Through biographies of famous individuals, told as a story by the class teacher, history comes alive.
Students in Class 6 directly study the concrete physical world in greater detail in the science blocks of Mineralogy, Astronomy, and Physics. Students learn through inquiry and observation. They are taught in a way that allows them to discover for themselves what is true in the world, instead of simply reading a second-hand description. The students investigate with simple tools and their own powers of observation. Their experiments, their analysis, and their conclusions are presented in their own self-made text-book, their Main Lesson book.
In Mathematics, the new subject of Geometry is introduced. What began as Form Drawing and progressed to freehand Geometry in the previous Classes now takes on a new form. Instruments, rulers, compasses, and protractors are used to measure and create complex geometrical forms. The precision and accuracy, along with the lawfulness of Geometry, makes it an ideal subject for the Class 6 student to undertake. Students also begin the study of Business Math, in which they learn principles of banking and retail. With their newly acquired understanding of percentages come the ideas of ratios, proportions, exponents, and an introduction to algebra.
As the vocabulary and sentence structure of Class 6 students continues to grow, so too does their ability to take on new forms of writing. Practical writing, such as business letters and other forms of expository writing, begins to take shape. Class 6 students have much more ownership for the individual work, not only in composition, but also in the proofing and editing of their drafts and final work.
The art found in Class 6 Main Lesson books is no longer what could be termed primitive. The students use a variety of media, including crayon, pencil, watercolor, and pastels. With the formal introduction of color theory, the basis for perspective painting and drawing is laid. Students study optics in relation to painting, and sculpture, in which they study light and shadows, the colour spectrum, tints, and shades.
In Classes 6-7, speaking, reading, and writing are now practiced in a more formal way. The rules of grammar and pronunciation are learned. This is a perfect time to ask students to practice writing their own small skits, which they enjoy performing for their peers.
Class 6 students create three-dimensional projects. The students are familiarized with the initial steps of using careful and correct pattern layout, pinning, and cutting. Often the first project is to sew an animal out of felt, with gussets to make it three-dimensional. As a second project, many students design and draft a pattern for their own magical beasts. After Christmas, all students begin making their own dolls.
In Class 6, students are ready to sing in three-part, and later even four-part, harmony. Students take on the Alto or Tenor recorder in earnest, and the class now plays all recorder pieces in three-part harmony. The Class 6 curriculum is supported by early Latin music: chants, rounds, and three-part early church music. More complicated rhythms and the understanding of minor and major keys are introduced in Class 6, and weekly home practice continues as a support to the building of the students' skills.
The students in Class 6 continue to develop their skills in team and individual sports, and in movement exercises. The emphasis in activities is on their control, coordination, and self-evaluation of their physical development.